After the end of World War II, the assembly industry felt the need for further modernization of machinery to meet new needs in the face of the new scenario. With that, the industries started to acquire more sophisticated and also automated equipment.
All this because the focus of the industries became the need to produce X products within a certain period of time. The issue of maximum productivity has increasingly become the focus. It was precisely the sum of program production with the automation of tools that gave rise to the concept of TPM – Total Productive Maintenance.
Let us now know a little more about it and what are its 8 pillars to be followed by companies!
What is TPM – Total Productive Maintenance?
The acronym TPM comes from the English term Total Productive Maintenance. It arose out of a need for companies to reduce losses during the production process and, consequently, the costs of that production. It is classified as a management method that aims to maximize industrial assets and also guarantee the highest quality of products with competitive prices.
What are the 8 pillars of PMS?
To better understand the objectives and reasons for using TPM in your company, see below what the 8 pillars of this concept are.
1. Planned Maintenance
Its main focus is on the efficiency and effectiveness of the equipment used by the industry. This pillar acts in stopped, predictive and preventive maintenance. The last two are focused on avoiding machine downtime, while the first must be programmed so as not to hinder the company’s productivity.
2. Autonomous maintenance
Its objective is to train and train the workforce to avoid deterioration of equipment and also to know how to perform routine maintenance.
3. Maintenance of quality
It is a way to control the equipment, to say what they should or should not do. This can be done through automatic inspections as well as quality inspections. For example, the software is a great example of what can be used in this pillar.
4. Specific improvements
Ideally, the industry should have a diversified type to identify equipment problems and reduce specific damage. Thus, it is interesting to assemble a team with engineers, maintainers and operators.
5. Initial control
Aims to increase productivity by reducing the time to introduce the product and also the entire production process. A thorough analysis of the product takes place before they are manufactured or even installed.
6. Training and education
One of the major problems of the current industry is the lack of skilled labor, especially when it comes to industry 4.0, where knowledge of technology is fundamental. Education and training of employees must be constant.
7. Safety, hygiene and environment
This pillar aims to reduce accidents at work. According to data from the Digital Observatory for Health and Safety at Work, in 2017 alone, 1 person died every 4 and a half hours due to work accidents. In addition, the company must also reduce environmental impacts.
8. Administrative areas
It is necessary to supply the company’s administrative sector with the necessary information and materials. After all, it is through it that new employees enter the company and other tasks related to production and quality are performed.
If you work in the field of Maintenance Engineering, you need to understand TPM very well.